What is FOB in Shipping? 2022 Free on Board Delivery and Charges

fob shipping meaning

One more difference between the FOB shipping point and FOB destination lies in the costs of transport. In a FOB shipping point contract, the buyer is responsible for additional costs of shipment, as they are legally considered to be in full ownership of the product as it is picked up by the carrier. Another important difference between FOB shipping point and FOB destination is that of the party responsible for the shipping costs of the products.

fob shipping meaning

Today, almost everyone can buy or sell products from and to any part of the world. If opting for FOB Destination, the seller is responsible for the safety of the goods at the point of origin. Free on Board is one of the incoterms defined https://www.bookstime.com/ by the International Chamber of Commerce. To help facilitate these contracts and to set clear terms and conditions between the parties, the International Chamber of Commerce has published a list of International Commercial Terms .

Cost, Insurance, and Freight

The buyer owns the products en route to its warehouse and must pay any delivery charges. FOB origin, or shipping point, means that the buyer will receive the title for the goods they purchased when shipment begins. The seller’s responsibility ends when the items are placed with a shipment carrier, and the buyer must ensure their goods reach their final destination on time and undamaged. Inventory costs are expensive and include not only the cost of goods, but the fees to prepare inventory for sale. Delays in recognizing costs as expenses affect net income.

  • The physical handling, loading and unloading, transportation, shipping, and insurance costs can be included in the shipping cost.
  • Responsibility for the goods is with the seller until the goods are loaded on board the ship.
  • Incoterms is short for International Commercial Terms, which is published by the International Chamber of Commerce .
  • The buyer gets the responsibility of the goods from the point where they are shipped from.
  • Robinson can help handle the placement of your shipment for transport.
  • Many warehouses or premises that they would want to deliver to and don’t have a central location to work from.

The amount of inventory and cost of goods on the books changes as well, depending on where the goods are and the FOB status. And of course, accepting liability for goods adds to the profits and losses, if there is damage during transit. Understanding the terminology and understanding when you’re accepting liability and ownership, is imperative. Shipping terms are important because of the massive worldwide volume shipped, and the need to have a common understanding of these terms for contracts. The terms affect shipping costs, liability, and even financial statements for accounting. With so many languages spoken, it makes sense to have agreed-upon terms to lessen confusion. Another factor defined by FOB is which party is responsible for the shipping charges and insurance.

What is the Difference Between FOB and FAS?

Ownership of a cargo is independent of Incoterms, which relate to delivery and risk. In international trade, ownership of the cargo is defined by the contract of sale and the bill of lading or waybill. Ex works is a shipping arrangement in international trade where a seller makes goods available to a buyer, who then pays for transport costs. Another alternative is to ask the seller for CIF – cost, insurance and freight. If you’re buying goods from overseas, FOB shipping point, your insurance typically covers your shipment after it’s on the vessel. It doesn’t cover damage on the truck shipping it to that point. If you use CIF, the seller’s insurance covers the goods on the ride to the shipping vessel.

What does EXW mean in shipping?

EXW (Ex Works) means that the seller delivers when it places the goods at the disposal of the buyer at the seller's premises or at another named place (i.e., works, factory, warehouse, etc.).

But the company will record the transactions only when the goods will arrive at the receiving dock of the buyer. The above example shows both the cases of FOB ORIGIN and FOB DESTINATION. Both of these terms are standard and most used FOB terms. It is important to remember that under the uniform commercial code , if the purchase contract does not specify any FOB term, then it is to assume the transaction terms are of FOB origin. The term FOB indicates when the risk of losses shifts from the seller to the buyer.


Conversely, with FOB destination, the seller pays the shipment cost and fees until the items reach their destination, such as the buyer’s location. That destination is the receiving port, not the final stop or seller’s warehouse in the journey across the country. The buyer assumes fees like customs clearance fees and taxes at port entry. FOB destination, sometimes called FOB destination point, means that the buyer takes ownership from the shipper upon delivery of goods, usually at the buyer’s receiving dock. To be crystal clear whether a shipper is referring to UCC or Incoterms, a shipper might include the final destination name and specify Incoterms definitions, by referring to FOB Savannah in the contract. That means the delivery port is Savannah and Incoterms definitions are referenced. Incoterms 2020 considers delivery as the point when the risk of loss or damage to the goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer.

  • The buyer still pays additional fees like customs clearance, however.
  • With a CIF contract the seller pays or is otherwise responsible for risk and insurance costs until the goods reach their final destination.
  • Some sources claim that FOB stands for «Freight On Board».
  • With so many languages spoken, it makes sense to have agreed-upon terms to lessen confusion.

In this case, when the gems leave the seller’s dock, the sale is closed. The seller can enter the transaction of $300,000 in the receivable account and can deduct $300,000 from its account of Inventories. fob shipping point Once the buyer receives the ownership, it can increase its inventory account by $300,000 and reduce the accounts payable by $300,000. David pays the shipping cost, and the jars are shipped FOB ABC LTD. .

Example of FOB Destination

In the case of FOB shipping point, the sale becomes complete when the shipment is sent off. As for FOB destination, the sale becomes complete when the goods are delivered and come into the buyer’s possession. The buyer is charge of all costs after the goods are loaded onto the vessel at the port of shipment. In “FOB destination”, transfer happens when the cargo is retrieved from the transport on arriving at the buyer’s location.

  • Free on Board is a term has been greatly misused over the last three decades ever since Incoterms 1980 explained that FCA should be used for container shipments.
  • We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate.
  • Therefore, if you are developing an international shipping plan for your business, keep these extra costs and risks in mind as necessary for your calculations.
  • Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace.

Under the terms of FOB responsibilities for covering costs, losses or damages are divided between both the seller and the buyer. «FOB origin» means the buyer will assume the title of the goods as soon as the carrier/hauler picks up and signs for the shipment. The buyer still pays additional fees like customs clearance, however. An FOB shipping point agreement is signed and the container is handed off to the freight carrier at the shipping point. Just enter the dimensions and weight of your goods and specify the port of shipment, and you’ll get your FOB price calculation instantly. Expert freight shipping tips and fast, easy tools to help you ship freight.

Contact Shipware for more details on how we can help save you money with our parcel audit software and other solutions for logistics optimization. Destination contract, the buyer is only responsible for the costs of getting the freight to their desired location from the final port. Destination agreement, the seller retains ownership of the goods up until the point where the goods have reached their final destination. However, even with the standardization, international trade is still a complicated process, especially when you consider that trade laws are often very different from country to country.

The buyer provides the seller with adequate notice of the vessel’s name, the loading point, and the required delivery time. Your quote will then cover everything after the goods are loaded onto the vessel, all the way to delivery at the address you specified. Should any of the goods get damaged or lost during shipment, it is the buyer, not the seller who should file any claims for reimbursement. When opting for FOB Origin, the buyer is liable for goods damaged or destroyed at the point of origin. Sold” after they’ve transferred title and responsibility to the buyer, this is an important distinction. This may not make sense right off the bat, but to understand the FOB designation meaning, let’s start with the difference between FOB origin vs FOB destination. There is a difference between freight on board vs free on board.

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